Empowerment for health: In health promotion, empowerment is a process through which people gain greater control over decisions and actions affecting their health. Reference: new definition Empowerment may be a social, cultural, psychological or political process through which individuals and social groups are able to express their needs, present their concerns, devise strategies for involvement… Read More


Enabling: In health promotion, enabling means taking action in partnership with individuals or groups to empower them, through the mobilization of human and material resources, to promote and protect their health. Reference: new definition The emphasis in this definition on empowerment through partnership, and on the mobilization of resources draws attention to the important role of health… Read More


Epidemiology: Epidemiology is the study of the distribution and determinants of health-states or events in specified populations, and the application of this study to the control of health problems. Reference: Last, JM. Dictionary of Epidemiology. UK, 1988 Epidemiological information, particularly that defining individual, population and/or physical environmental risks has been at the core of public… Read More

Equity in health

Equity in health: Equity means fairness. Equity in health means that people’s needs guide the distribution of opportunities for well-being. Reference: Equity in health and health care. WHO, Geneva, 1996 The WHO global strategy of achieving Health for All is fundamentally directed towards achieving greater equity in health between and within populations, and between countries. This… Read More

Evidence-based health promotion

Evidence-based health promotion: The use of information derived from formal research and systematic investigation to identify causes and contributing factors to health needs and the most effective health promotion actions to address these in given contexts and populations. Reference: New definition As a field which recognizes that health needs can be addressed by action at… Read More