Calculus of sentences

Calculus of sentences: System of logic containing variables representing whole sentences and logical operators applying to such variables. Source: ‘What is Good? What is Bad? The Value of All Values across Time, Place and Theories’ by John McMurtry, Philosophy and World Problems, Volume I-III, UNESCO in partnership with Encyclopedia of Life Support Systems: Oxford, 2004-11. 

Capabilities

Capabilities: That which living things are able to by virtue of their being alive (e.g., feel, sense, think, and so forth). As such, capabilities are the source of life-value for living things in so far as they are expressed and enjoyed. Source: ‘What is Good? What is Bad? The Value of All Values across Time, Place and Theories’… Read More

Capability

Capability: The general types of activity that distinguish organic life from inanimate things. Source: ‘What is Good? What is Bad? The Value of All Values across Time, Place and Theories’ by John McMurtry, Philosophy and World Problems, Volume I-III, UNESCO in partnership with Encyclopedia of Life Support Systems: Oxford, 2004-11. 

Capital

Capital: Wealth that can be used to produce more wealth without loss by consumption or waste. The generic concept is applicable to natural capital, knowledge capital and so on (i.e., forms of life capital). False reduction of life capital to money capital is the ultimate onto-axiological confusion of the era. Source: ‘What is Good? What is… Read More

Capitalism

Capitalism: economic model in which the means of production are owned privately and society’s production is guided and distributed by the principle of private-profit maximization within borderless markets of exchange for priced commodities. An economic system based upon the private control of natural and social wealth and wage labor, governed by an imperative of constant and growing… Read More

Categorical sentence

Categorical sentence: Sentences used in the theory of syllogism and patterned after All S is P, No S is P, Some S is P and Some S is not P. Source: ‘What is Good? What is Bad? The Value of All Values across Time, Place and Theories’ by John McMurtry, Philosophy and World Problems, Volume I-III, UNESCO in partnership… Read More

Categories

Categories: classes of ideas, terms, or things that mark divisions of meaning and reference within a conceptual scheme or system. Source: ‘What is Good? What is Bad? The Value of All Values across Time, Place and Theories’ by John McMurtry, Philosophy and World Problems, Volume I-III, UNESCO in partnership with Encyclopedia of Life Support Systems: Oxford, 2004-11. 

Cause (Efficient)

Cause (Efficient): The motive or mechanical force that initiates a material process or impels a change of position in an object. Source: ‘What is Good? What is Bad? The Value of All Values across Time, Place and Theories’ by John McMurtry, Philosophy and World Problems, Volume I-III, UNESCO in partnership with Encyclopedia of Life Support Systems: Oxford, 2004-11. 

Cause (Final)

Cause (Final): The goal or end, assumed to be good, which governs the development of a natural substance in Aristotle’s philosophy. Source: ‘What is Good? What is Bad? The Value of All Values across Time, Place and Theories’ by John McMurtry, Philosophy and World Problems, Volume I-III, UNESCO in partnership with Encyclopedia of Life Support Systems: Oxford, 2004-11. 

Cause (Formal)

Cause (Formal): In Aristotle, the pattern immanent to natural substances which organizes and structures their development. Source: ‘What is Good? What is Bad? The Value of All Values across Time, Place and Theories’ by John McMurtry, Philosophy and World Problems, Volume I-III, UNESCO in partnership with Encyclopedia of Life Support Systems: Oxford, 2004-11.