Ecological time

Ecological time: The time required for the development, maintenance and repair of processes and environments that operate at a macro-environmental level and scale. See Biological Time. Source: ‘What is Good? What is Bad? The Value of All Values across Time, Place and Theories’ by John McMurtry, Philosophy and World Problems, Volume I-III, UNESCO in partnership with Encyclopedia of… Read More

Ecology

Ecology: relationships among, and science of, organisms and their environments. Source: ‘What is Good? What is Bad? The Value of All Values across Time, Place and Theories’ by John McMurtry, Philosophy and World Problems, Volume I-III, UNESCO in partnership with Encyclopedia of Life Support Systems: Oxford, 2004-11. 

Ecology of justice

Ecology of justice: The branch of ecology of life value applying to human societies: that is, the relations among individuals in a society such that each receives what s/he is due in rights and obligations towards universal life goods provision for all, admitting of degrees of realization with means available.  See also Ecology of life value and… Read More

Ecology of life value

Ecology of life value: Ecology with life-value coordinates so that the totality of relations among species, their reproduction and distribution is conceived to be better rather than worse by the coherent life-field advance and biodiversification it maintains and develops to a more comprehensively inclusive life system whole: in short, the primary axiom of value at an… Read More

Economics

Economics: a social science allegedly studying the production, distribution and consumption of goods and services. Source: ‘What is Good? What is Bad? The Value of All Values across Time, Place and Theories’ by John McMurtry, Philosophy and World Problems, Volume I-III, UNESCO in partnership with Encyclopedia of Life Support Systems: Oxford, 2004-11. 

Either-or reduction

Either-or reduction: A regulating structure of normative thinking which assumes the logical form of p or not-p (“the excluded middle”), thereby eliminating the range of other value possibilities including degrees of each and mutual inclusions – – for example, assuming that a society is either capitalist or socialist, that an ethic is either consequentialist or… Read More

Empiricism

Empiricism: doctrine according to which concepts and/or knowledge are derived from and verifiable by sensory experience. Source: ‘What is Good? What is Bad? The Value of All Values across Time, Place and Theories’ by John McMurtry, Philosophy and World Problems, Volume I-III, UNESCO in partnership with Encyclopedia of Life Support Systems: Oxford, 2004-11. 

Enlightenment

Enlightenment: social, political and philosophical movement of the 17th and 18th centuries emphasizing the free use of reason in the scrutiny of doctrines for the progress of humanity. Source: ‘What is Good? What is Bad? The Value of All Values across Time, Place and Theories’ by John McMurtry, Philosophy and World Problems, Volume I-III, UNESCO in partnership with Encyclopedia… Read More

Ensoulment

Ensoulment: coming into being or insertion of a soul into a corporeal entity. Source: ‘What is Good? What is Bad? The Value of All Values across Time, Place and Theories’ by John McMurtry, Philosophy and World Problems, Volume I-III, UNESCO in partnership with Encyclopedia of Life Support Systems: Oxford, 2004-11. 

Epistemic

Epistemic: Broadly construed, ‘epistemic’ means the cognitive relationship between human minds and the world, the general sphere of conceptual relationships and the higher order logical rules that are thought to govern that relationship in a given epoch of knowledge. Source: ‘What is Good? What is Bad? The Value of All Values across Time, Place and Theories’ by… Read More