Pantheism

Pantheism: doctrine according to which divinity is inherent in the cosmos  and its life forms. Source: ‘What is Good? What is Bad? The Value of All Values across Time, Place and Theories’ by John McMurtry, Philosophy and World Problems, Volume I-III, UNESCO in partnership with Encyclopedia of Life Support Systems: Oxford, 2004-11. 

Paradox

Paradox: statement or context containing a real or apparent self-contradiction. Source: ‘What is Good? What is Bad? The Value of All Values across Time, Place and Theories’ by John McMurtry, Philosophy and World Problems, Volume I-III, UNESCO in partnership with Encyclopedia of Life Support Systems: Oxford, 2004-11. 

Pareto Optimum

Pareto Optimum (or Pareto efficiency): A standard ideal of philosophical and economic rationality in which no-one can be made better off without making someone else worse based on pure-type dyadic exchanges of private assets in vacuo. Source: ‘What is Good? What is Bad? The Value of All Values across Time, Place and Theories’ by John McMurtry, Philosophy… Read More

Performance Principle

Performance Principle: The forms of life demanded by social organization (Freud) which Marcuse criticizes as one-dimensional. Source: ‘What is Good? What is Bad? The Value of All Values across Time, Place and Theories’ by John McMurtry, Philosophy and World Problems, Volume I-III, UNESCO in partnership with Encyclopedia of Life Support Systems: Oxford, 2004-11. 

Pessimism

Pessimism: doctrine according to which pain or evil outweighs pleasure or good in the universe. Source: ‘What is Good? What is Bad? The Value of All Values across Time, Place and Theories’ by John McMurtry, Philosophy and World Problems, Volume I-III, UNESCO in partnership with Encyclopedia of Life Support Systems: Oxford, 2004-11. 

Phenomenology

Phenomenology: diverse movement adopting consciousness or lived experience as its object of philosophical study. A major school of contemporary philosophy in which human consciousness as such is adopted as the direct object of analysis prior to the subject-object distinction, causal explanation or scientific claims. Source: ‘What is Good? What is Bad? The Value of All Values across Time,… Read More

Platonism

Platonism: A position which holds or resembles Plato’s view that there is an ideal noumenal realm of pure, self-subsistent, eternal and perfect Forms independent of material reality which consists of inferior and mutable copies and appearances. Source: ‘What is Good? What is Bad? The Value of All Values across Time, Place and Theories’ by John McMurtry, Philosophy… Read More

Polytheism

Polytheism: doctrine according to which many distinct gods exist. Source: ‘What is Good? What is Bad? The Value of All Values across Time, Place and Theories’ by John McMurtry, Philosophy and World Problems, Volume I-III, UNESCO in partnership with Encyclopedia of Life Support Systems: Oxford, 2004-11. 

Positivism

Positivism: doctrine according to which true knowledge is achieved only through modern empirical science. Source: ‘What is Good? What is Bad? The Value of All Values across Time, Place and Theories’ by John McMurtry, Philosophy and World Problems, Volume I-III, UNESCO in partnership with Encyclopedia of Life Support Systems: Oxford, 2004-11. 

Postmodernism

Postmodernism: Referring to a wide variety of writers forming a recently dominant movement/school of thought whose unifying characteristic is repudiation of all universal principles of reality, truth, value or interpretation in favor of contingent particularity and perspectival modes of thought. See also Linguistic turn. Source: ‘What is Good? What is Bad? The Value of All Values across Time, Place… Read More