Figure 15.8. Emotional circuits are embedded in multiple convergent control processes such as startle, REM, and play circuits. REM may preferentially influence the higher affective consequences of emotive circuits, thereby helping process information that was collected during waking through the auspices of the various basic emotional circuits (see Chapter 7). Play may preferentially access the motor subroutines that are normally accessed by emotional circuits, thereby providing exercise and practice of instinctual motor patterns that are essential for competent emotive behavior patterns. (Adapted from Panksepp, 1986; see n. 72.)

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