Forces of Production

Forces of Production: In Marx, the human-made tools (including science), natural resources, and organized productive labor out of which any given society reproduces and develops its material conditions of existence.

Source: What is Good? What is Bad? The Value of All Values across Time, Place and Theories’ by John McMurtry, Philosophy and World Problems, Volume I-III, UNESCO in partnership with Encyclopedia of Life Support Systems: Oxford, 2004-11.