Fact/value distinction

Fact/value distinction: a conventional distinction between that which is and that which ought to be which is rendered dubious by the ‘is’ itself typically conforming to habituated ought-prescriptions. Source: ‘What is Good? What is Bad? The Value of All Values across Time, Place and Theories’ by John McMurtry, Philosophy and World Problems, Volume I-III, UNESCO in partnership with Encyclopedia… Read More

Fallacy

Fallacy: invalid argument, aporetic reasoning. In ordinary language, a mistaken belief, e.g., the “Gambler’s fallacy” — the belief that a certain combination of die can be “due to come up” in the next toss.” In the study of argumentation (argumentation theory), a fallacy is a recurrent flaw of reasoning. Originally, Aristotle uses the Greek term translated… Read More

Fallibilism

Fallibilism: Any position which is open to the possibility that it could be mistaken. Advanced religions like Buddhism and Unitarianism acknowledge this fallibility. Source: ‘What is Good? What is Bad? The Value of All Values across Time, Place and Theories’ by John McMurtry, Philosophy and World Problems, Volume I-III, UNESCO in partnership with Encyclopedia of Life Support Systems: Oxford,… Read More

False religion

False religion: The defining master principle of false religion across cultures is that a human group solicits special favor from an assumed non-human almighty to conquer declared enemies for major material acquisition from them by the power of this God who is worshipped in return. More exactly, false religion involves (1) the continual sacrifice of others’ lives or life conditions… Read More

Falsifiability theory

Falsifiability theory: Proposed criterion of empirical meaningfulness for sentences, based on their falsifiability by observation sentences. Source: ‘What is Good? What is Bad? The Value of All Values across Time, Place and Theories’ by John McMurtry, Philosophy and World Problems, Volume I-III, UNESCO in partnership with Encyclopedia of Life Support Systems: Oxford, 2004-11. 

Fascism

Fascism: political and economic model based on authoritarian state and family order, military power, select traditions of national glory, and rigid corporate hierarchy. Source: ‘What is Good? What is Bad? The Value of All Values across Time, Place and Theories’ by John McMurtry, Philosophy and World Problems, Volume I-III, UNESCO in partnership with Encyclopedia of Life Support Systems: Oxford, 2004-11. 

Feminism

Feminism: social, political and philosophical movement promoting gender equality and women’s more holistic ways of knowing and valuing. Source: ‘What is Good? What is Bad? The Value of All Values across Time, Place and Theories’ by John McMurtry, Philosophy and World Problems, Volume I-III, UNESCO in partnership with Encyclopedia of Life Support Systems: Oxford, 2004-11. 

Fields of life value

Fields of life value: This concept refers to the fields of thought (concept and image), felt side of being (sentient and affective), and action (organic movement through space-time), the triune parametric of all value whatever as explained by the Primary Axiom of Value. Source: ‘What is Good? What is Bad? The Value of All Values across Time, Place… Read More

Forces of Production

Forces of Production: In Marx, the human-made tools (including science), natural resources, and organized productive labor out of which any given society reproduces and develops its material conditions of existence. Source: ‘What is Good? What is Bad? The Value of All Values across Time, Place and Theories’ by John McMurtry, Philosophy and World Problems, Volume I-III, UNESCO in partnership… Read More