Dualities: Dualistic divisions have been perpetual in philosophy and religion since the ancients – spirit-matter, man-nature, temporal-eternal, appearance-reality, life-death, self-other, and subject-object. Krishna in the Bhagavad-gita revealingly adds the false duality of victory-loss.
Source: ‘What is Good? What is Bad? The Value of All Values across Time, Place and Theories’ by John McMurtry, Philosophy and World Problems, Volume I-III, UNESCO in partnership with Encyclopedia of Life Support Systems: Oxford, 2004-11.