Hypothetico-deductive method

Hypothetico-deductive method: A method of scientific discovery based on positing hypotheses, deriving predictions, and testing the latter to obtain confirmation or disconfirmation.

Source: What is Good? What is Bad? The Value of All Values across Time, Place and Theories’ by John McMurtry, Philosophy and World Problems, Volume I-III, UNESCO in partnership with Encyclopedia of Life Support Systems: Oxford, 2004-11.