Induction by elimination

Induction by elimination: A method of discovering true scientific hypotheses (including laws and theories) based on the elimination of false hypotheses from a set of relevant alternatives.

Source: What is Good? What is Bad? The Value of All Values across Time, Place and Theories’ by John McMurtry, Philosophy and World Problems, Volume I-III, UNESCO in partnership with Encyclopedia of Life Support Systems: Oxford, 2004-11.