Ecological time

Ecological time: The time required for the development, maintenance and repair of processes and environments that operate at a macro-environmental level and scale. See Biological Time. Source: ‘What is Good? What is Bad? The Value of All Values across Time, Place and Theories’ by John McMurtry, Philosophy and World Problems, Volume I-III, UNESCO in partnership with Encyclopedia of… Read More

Ecology

Ecology: relationships among, and science of, organisms and their environments. Source: ‘What is Good? What is Bad? The Value of All Values across Time, Place and Theories’ by John McMurtry, Philosophy and World Problems, Volume I-III, UNESCO in partnership with Encyclopedia of Life Support Systems: Oxford, 2004-11. 

Ecology of life value

Ecology of life value: Ecology with life-value coordinates so that the totality of relations among species, their reproduction and distribution is conceived to be better rather than worse by the coherent life-field advance and biodiversification it maintains and develops to a more comprehensively inclusive life system whole: in short, the primary axiom of value at an… Read More

Economics

Economics: a social science allegedly studying the production, distribution and consumption of goods and services. Source: ‘What is Good? What is Bad? The Value of All Values across Time, Place and Theories’ by John McMurtry, Philosophy and World Problems, Volume I-III, UNESCO in partnership with Encyclopedia of Life Support Systems: Oxford, 2004-11. 

Either-or reduction

Either-or reduction: A regulating structure of normative thinking which assumes the logical form of p or not-p (“the excluded middle”), thereby eliminating the range of other value possibilities including degrees of each and mutual inclusions – – for example, assuming that a society is either capitalist or socialist, that an ethic is either consequentialist or… Read More

Empiricism

Empiricism: doctrine according to which concepts and/or knowledge are derived from and verifiable by sensory experience. Source: ‘What is Good? What is Bad? The Value of All Values across Time, Place and Theories’ by John McMurtry, Philosophy and World Problems, Volume I-III, UNESCO in partnership with Encyclopedia of Life Support Systems: Oxford, 2004-11. 

Empowerment

Empowerment for health: In health promotion, empowerment is a process through which people gain greater control over decisions and actions affecting their health. Reference: new definition Empowerment may be a social, cultural, psychological or political process through which individuals and social groups are able to express their needs, present their concerns, devise strategies for involvement… Read More

Enabling

Enabling: In health promotion, enabling means taking action in partnership with individuals or groups to empower them, through the mobilization of human and material resources, to promote and protect their health. Reference: new definition The emphasis in this definition on empowerment through partnership, and on the mobilization of resources draws attention to the important role of health… Read More

Enlightenment

Enlightenment: social, political and philosophical movement of the 17th and 18th centuries emphasizing the free use of reason in the scrutiny of doctrines for the progress of humanity. Source: ‘What is Good? What is Bad? The Value of All Values across Time, Place and Theories’ by John McMurtry, Philosophy and World Problems, Volume I-III, UNESCO in partnership with Encyclopedia… Read More