Existentialism: literary and philosophical movement rooted in the analysis of individual human choice and experience. Classically defined by Jean-Paul Sartre as “existence precedes essence”, which means that human choice of what one does (existence) precedes any set fate, determinism, role or external design (essence) ruling out this choice, with those denying their responsibility of choice as… Read More
LIFE-VALUE ONTO-AXIOLOGY and HEALTH PROMOTION Glossary
Externalism: Any standpoint or theory which denies the inner fields of thought and feeling or, conversely, restricts reality to space-occupying states. Source: ‘What is Good? What is Bad? The Value of All Values across Time, Place and Theories’ by John McMurtry, Philosophy and World Problems, Volume I-III, UNESCO in partnership with Encyclopedia of Life Support Systems: Oxford, 2004-11.
Externalist fallacy: A monolithic error common in scientistic assumptions whose fallacy may be defined as whatever adopts the following logical form of supposition or argument. What is observable as external phenomena rules out as valid what is internally experienced. The error of this ruling metaphysic proceeds in three steps: (1) what is not externally observable and (2) not measurable… Read More