Determinants of health

Determinants of health:

The range of personal, social, economic and environmental factors which determine the health status of individuals or populations.

Reference: new definition

The factors which influence health are multiple and interactive. Health promotion is fundamentally concerned with action and advocacy to address the full range of potentially modifiable determinants of health – not only those which are related to the actions of individuals, such as health behaviours and lifestyles, but also factors such as income and social status, education, employment and working conditions, access to appropriate health services, and the physical environments. These, in combination, create different living conditions which impact on health. Achieving change in these lifestyles and living conditions, which determine health status, are considered to be intermediate health outcomes.

Source: Health Promotion Glossary (1998), WHO/HPR/HEP/98.1