Consciousness

Consciousness: state or quality of being aware. Source: ‘What is Good? What is Bad? The Value of All Values across Time, Place and Theories’ by John McMurtry, Philosophy and World Problems, Volume I-III, UNESCO in partnership with Encyclopedia of Life Support Systems: Oxford, 2004-11. 

Consequentialism

Consequentialism: Often equated to utilitarianism, but strictly holding that the good or bad is to be found in its consequences, not its principle of action or intention. Source: ‘What is Good? What is Bad? The Value of All Values across Time, Place and Theories’ by John McMurtry, Philosophy and World Problems, Volume I-III, UNESCO in partnership with Encyclopedia… Read More

Continental philosophy

Continental philosophy: A standard way of distinguishing contemporary European philosophy and method from Analytic philosophy. See also Existentialism, Marxism, Phenomenology, and Postmodernism. Source: ‘What is Good? What is Bad? The Value of All Values across Time, Place and Theories’ by John McMurtry, Philosophy and World Problems, Volume I-III, UNESCO in partnership with Encyclopedia of Life Support Systems: Oxford,… Read More

Contradictory sentence

Contradictory sentence: The negation of a tautologous sentence. Source: ‘What is Good? What is Bad? The Value of All Values across Time, Place and Theories’ by John McMurtry, Philosophy and World Problems, Volume I-III, UNESCO in partnership with Encyclopedia of Life Support Systems: Oxford, 2004-11. 

Corporation

Corporation: A changing pool of money owners defined by a unitary legal goal of profit maximization for its shareholders and their non-liability for the corporation’s actions. The corporation is the sole right holder as “the investor” in transnational treaty legal mechanisms whose rules since 1988 govern the global market and whose articles exclude labor and citizens… Read More

Correspondence theory of truth

Correspondence theory of truth: ‘p is true’ means ‘p corresponds to some aspect of the (natural or even supernatural) world’. In general, the ancient idea that claims must correspond to facts to be true. This idea has given rise to questions about what are the criteria of “facts’” and “correspondence”, to which the reigning answer is… Read More

Cosmology

Cosmology: study of the physical universe as a unified totality of phenomena. Source: ‘What is Good? What is Bad? The Value of All Values across Time, Place and Theories’ by John McMurtry, Philosophy and World Problems, Volume I-III, UNESCO in partnership with Encyclopedia of Life Support Systems: Oxford, 2004-11. 

Covering law model of scientific explanation

Covering law model of scientific explanation: A model which assumes scientific explanations are sound arguments containing at least one premise that is a scientific law. Source: ‘What is Good? What is Bad? The Value of All Values across Time, Place and Theories’ by John McMurtry, Philosophy and World Problems, Volume I-III, UNESCO in partnership with Encyclopedia of Life Support… Read More

Critical Social Philosophy

Critical Social Philosophy: The philosophical attempt to expose contradictions between human potentiality and the principles that govern major social institutions, with the goal of this attempt being the transformation of those principles and institutions. Source: ‘What is Good? What is Bad? The Value of All Values across Time, Place and Theories’ by John McMurtry, Philosophy and World Problems, Volume… Read More