Cognition

Cognition: internal structures and processes involved in the obtaining and use of knowledge, comprising the faculties of sensation, perception, memory, language and reasoning. Source: ‘What is Good? What is Bad? The Value of All Values across Time, Place and Theories’ by John McMurtry, Philosophy and World Problems, Volume I-III, UNESCO in partnership with Encyclopedia of Life Support Systems: Oxford,… Read More

Coherence Principle

Coherence Principle: See Life Coherence Principle Source: ‘What is Good? What is Bad? The Value of All Values across Time, Place and Theories’ by John McMurtry, Philosophy and World Problems, Volume I-III, UNESCO in partnership with Encyclopedia of Life Support Systems: Oxford, 2004-11. 

Coherence theory of truth

Coherence theory of truth: ‘p is true’ means ‘p is consistent with all other propositions accepted as true’. That a belief is true so far as it is consistent with a whole system of beliefs. See Life coherence principle. Source: ‘What is Good? What is Bad? The Value of All Values across Time, Place and Theories’ by John… Read More

Collective agency

Collective agency: A concept which is little understood in philosophy and the social sciences which dominantly focus on, respectively, agent-relative methods of analysis or aggregates of individual choices. It is best understood by the rule systems people (s) make or follow as societies – the ultimate and ongoing choice process of societies which govern the… Read More

Collective choice

Collective choice: A concept ruled out by atomic or “agent-relative” methods of analysis, but implicit in civil commons. See also social choice. Sen, A (1998), The Possibility of Social Choice”, 37pp. Trinity College, Cambridge: Nobel Lecture [This lecture provides an incomparably rich documentation of the literature on social choice, demonstrating there is no conception of… Read More

Collective life unconscious

Collective life unconscious: Distinguished from Karl Jung’s psychoanalytic (or as he calls it “analytic”) category of the “collective unconscious” as the collective life unconscious with Jung’s archetypal collective unconscious a secondary expression of it. For example, Jung considers the figure of Goethe’s Faust as an “archetype” of the collective unconscious. There is the “conscious soul”… Read More

Common life interest

Common life interest: A concept which disambiguates the categories of “the common interest”, “the public interest”, and so on to specify what these concepts normally omit, the shared life support systems of all. Source: ‘What is Good? What is Bad? The Value of All Values across Time, Place and Theories’ by John McMurtry, Philosophy and World Problems, Volume I-III,… Read More

Communal reciprocity

Communal reciprocity: the anti-market principle according to which I serve you not because of what I can get in return by doing so but because you need my service, and you, for the same reason, serve me. See Market reciprocity. Source: ‘What is Good? What is Bad? The Value of All Values across Time, Place and Theories’… Read More

Communism

Communism: economic model in which the means of production are owned collectively and the organization of labor is participated in by all for the common advantage of all. In Marx, a free society constructed on the basis of collective ownership of need-satisfying natural and social  resources, possible only once class division between workers and capitalists has… Read More

Communitarianism

Communitarianism: A concept which has become attached to those philosophers who reject the atomic-individual rationality of liberal thought to ground in substantial social relationality (e.g., Alastair MacIntyre, Charles Taylor and Michael Sandel): but with an inability to move beyond constituted attachments and received ways to more life-coherent forms of social ordering. Source: ‘What is Good? What… Read More