Health indicator

Health indicator: A health indicator is a characteristic of an individual, population, or environment which is subject to measurement (directly or indirectly) and can be used to describe one or more aspects of the health of an individual or population (quality, quantity and time). Reference: modified definition Health indicators can be used to define public… Read More

Health literacy

Health literacy: Health literacy represents the cognitive and social skills which determine the motivation and ability of individuals to gain access to, understand and use information in ways which promote and maintain good health. Reference: new definition Health literacy implies the achievement of a level of knowledge, personal skills and confidence to take action to… Read More

Health outcomes

Health outcomes: A change in the health status of an individual, group or population which is attributable to a planned intervention or series of interventions, regardless of whether such an intervention was intended to change health status. Reference: new definition Such a definition emphasizes the outcome of planned interventions (as opposed, for example, to incidental exposure… Read More

Health policy

Health policy: A formal statement or procedure within institutions (notably government) which defines priorities and the parameters for action in response to health needs, available resources and other political pressures. Reference: modified definition Health policy is often enacted through legislation or other forms of rule-making which define regulations and incentives which enable the provision of… Read More

Health promoting hospitals

Health promoting hospitals: A health promoting hospital does not only provide high quality comprehensive medical and nursing services, but also develops a corporate identity that embraces the aims of health promotion, develops a health promoting organizational structure and culture, including active, participatory roles for patients and all members of staff, develops itself into a health… Read More

Health promoting schools

Health promoting schools: A health promoting school can be characterized as a school constantly strengthening its capacity as a healthy setting for living, learning and working. Reference: Promoting health through schools. Report of a WHO Expert Committee on Comprehensive School Health Education and Promotion. WHO Technical Report Series N°870. WHO, Geneva, 1997 Towards this goal,… Read More

Health promotion

Health promotion:  Health promotion is the process of enabling people to increase control over, and to improve their health. Reference: Ottawa Charter for Health Promotion. WHO, Geneva,1986 Health promotion represents a comprehensive social and political process, it not only embraces actions directed at strengthening the skills and capabilities of individuals, but also action directed towards… Read More

Health promotion evaluation

Health promotion evaluation: Health promotion evaluation is an assessment of the extent to which health promotion actions achieve a “valued” outcome. Reference: new definition The extent to which health promotion actions enable individuals or communities to exert control over their health represents a central element of health promotion evaluation. In many cases it is difficult… Read More

Health promotion outcomes

Health promotion outcomes: Health promotion outcomes are changes to personal characteristics and skills, and/or social norms and actions, and/or organizational practices and public policies which are attributable to a health promotion activity. Reference: new definition Health promotion outcomes represent the most immediate results of health promotion activities and are generally directed towards changing modifiable determinants… Read More

Health sector

Health sector: The health sector consists of organized public and private health services (including health promotion, disease prevention, diagnostic, treatment and care services), the policies and activities of health departments and ministries, health related nongovernment organizations and community groups, and professional associations. Reference: adapted from Glossary of Terms used in Health for All series N°… Read More