Health status

Health status: A description and/or measurement of the health of an individual or population at a particular point in time against identifiable standards, usually by reference to health indicators. Reference: adapted from Glossary of Terms used in Health for All series N° 9. WHO, Geneva, 1984 Source: Health Promotion Glossary (1998), WHO/HPR/HEP/98.1

Health target

Health target: Health targets state, for a given population, the amount of change (using a health indicator) which could be reasonably expected within a defined time period. Targets are generally based on specific and measurable changes in health outcomes, or intermediate health outcomes. Reference: new definition Health targets define the concrete steps which may be… Read More

Healthy cities

Healthy cities: A healthy city is one that is continually creating and improving those physical and social environments and expanding those community resources which enable people to mutually support each other in performing all the functions of life and in developing to their maximum potential. Reference: Terminology for the European Conference on Health, Society and… Read More

Healthy islands

Healthy islands: A healthy island is one that is committed to and involved in a process of achieving better health and quality of life for its people, and healthier physical and social environments in the context of sustainable development. Reference: adapted from Yanuca Island Declaration. WHO (WPRO), Manila, 1995 The Yanuca Island Declaration states that… Read More

Healthy public policy

Healthy public policy: Healthy public policy is characterized by an explicit concern for health and equity in all areas of policy, and by an accountability for health impact. The main aim of healthy public policy is to create a supportive environment to enable people to lead healthy lives. Such a policy makes healthy choices possible… Read More

Hedonism

Hedonism: doctrine according to which what leads to pleasure is the only or paramount good. Source: ‘What is Good? What is Bad? The Value of All Values across Time, Place and Theories’ by John McMurtry, Philosophy and World Problems, Volume I-III, UNESCO in partnership with Encyclopedia of Life Support Systems: Oxford, 2004-11. 

Hermaneutics

Hermaneutics: theory, methodology or philosophy of interpretation of texts. Source: ‘What is Good? What is Bad? The Value of All Values across Time, Place and Theories’ by John McMurtry, Philosophy and World Problems, Volume I-III, UNESCO in partnership with Encyclopedia of Life Support Systems: Oxford, 2004-11. 

Hierarchy

Hierarchy: series in which each element is ranked or classified. Source: ‘What is Good? What is Bad? The Value of All Values across Time, Place and Theories’ by John McMurtry, Philosophy and World Problems, Volume I-III, UNESCO in partnership with Encyclopedia of Life Support Systems: Oxford, 2004-11. 

Human Nature

Human Nature: The specific difference of human being understood both descriptively (what we are in distinction to other life forms) and normatively (how we ought to develop our distinguishing capabilities). It is subject to both critical and ideological formulations. In Western Philosophy, that which distinguishes humans from other species, determines the range of our capabilities,… Read More

Human value identity

Human value identity: This is a concept which understands value identity as that which is identified with by a self as its ultimate value. It can take polar opposite forms such as the identification of a person with his powers of money demand or, at the other pole, a person or society which identifies with universal organic… Read More