Humanism

Humanism: any movement advocating human reason, values and embodied existence as of ultimate truth. Source: ‘What is Good? What is Bad? The Value of All Values across Time, Place and Theories’ by John McMurtry, Philosophy and World Problems, Volume I-III, UNESCO in partnership with Encyclopedia of Life Support Systems: Oxford, 2004-11. 

Hume’s problem

Hume’s problem: Because it is self-contradictory to accept the premises of a deductively valid argument but not the conclusion, and it is not self-contradictory to accept the premises of an inductively valid argument but not the conclusion, some other reason must be found for accepting the conclusion of an inductively valid argument. Source: ‘What is Good? What… Read More

Hylozoism

Hylozoism: doctrine according to which matter is alive. Source: ‘What is Good? What is Bad? The Value of All Values across Time, Place and Theories’ by John McMurtry, Philosophy and World Problems, Volume I-III, UNESCO in partnership with Encyclopedia of Life Support Systems: Oxford, 2004-11. 

Hypothetico-deductive method

Hypothetico-deductive method: A method of scientific discovery based on positing hypotheses, deriving predictions, and testing the latter to obtain confirmation or disconfirmation. Source: ‘What is Good? What is Bad? The Value of All Values across Time, Place and Theories’ by John McMurtry, Philosophy and World Problems, Volume I-III, UNESCO in partnership with Encyclopedia of Life Support Systems: Oxford, 2004-11.