The perspective that VPA promotes revolves around three theoretical models: the typology of violence, the public health approach and the ecological framework. These models guide understanding, research and action for violence prevention. The typology is a tool to help organize thinking about the types of violence and the ways in which violence occurs. The public health approach offers practitioners, policy-makers and researchers a step-wise guide that can be applied to planning programmes, policies, and investigation. Finally, the ecological framework bridges these two models, giving a structure to understanding the contexts within which violence occurs and the interactions between risk factors in each of these contexts and between them. The ecological framework shows where and how to apply the public health approach and is useful for categorizing planned or existing interventions to help understand the mechanisms by which they might be working.
The aim of this article is to show how a life-course approach can be extended to all health topics, age groups and countries by building on a synthesis of existing scientific evidence, experience in different countries and advances in health strategies and programmes. Aligned with the Sustainable Developmental Goals and Universal Health Coverage, a life-course approach can facilitate the integration of individual, social, economic and environmental considerations. Read More
Reproduced from: http://www.who.int/healthpromotion/conferences/9gchp/resources/en/ World Health Organization Published on Nov 21, 2016 The 9th Global conference on health promotion opened on 21 November 2016, placing particular focus on the role of advancing health as part of the United Nations Development Agenda 2030. The Conference’s three main themes werer good governance, healthy cities and health literacy for health… Read More
Adapted from: http://www.who.int/healthpromotion/conferences/previous/ottawa/en/ with links added to referring documents. The Ottawa Charter for Health Promotion First International Conference on Health Promotion, Ottawa, 21 November 1986 The first International Conference on Health Promotion, meeting in Ottawa this 21st day of November 1986, hereby presents this CHARTER for action to achieve Health for All by the year 2000 and… Read More
Reproduced from: http://www.who.int/dg/speeches/2013/health_promotion_20130610/en/ WHO Director-General addresses health promotion conference Dr Margaret Chan Director-General of the World Health Organization Opening address at the 8th Global Conference on Health Promotion Helsinki, Finland 10 June 2013 Excellencies, honourable ministers, colleagues in public health, ladies and gentlemen, The World Health Organization is proud to co-host this 8th Global Conference… Read More