Reproduced from:

Confronting Corruption: The Elements of a National Integrity System – Source Book



This source book brings together best practices in the area of building and maintaining a country’s national integrity system. It is in two parts. The first discusses the concepts and the second, their application in practice. Supporting the source book is a compilation of best practice and documentation entitled “Transparency International Best Practice Documentation”: codes, laws, rules, instruments and other documentation designed to make an integrity system function.

Language:  English

Year of Production:  2000

Producer:  Transparency International

Type of License:  Copyright

License Owner: Jeremy Pope and Transparency International

License Details:  This book is in copyright. As the aim of Transparency International is to foster discussion on aspects of national integrity systems, reproduction of material is encouraged subject only to appropriate acknowledgement being given as to its source.

Skills:  This handbook is designed to improve the quality and depth of reporting on the abuses of power and resources. It provides users with practical tools like research strategies, lists of anti-corruption resources, reviews of successful anti-corruption investigations, and “good governance” benchmarks. The book contains a formula for determining the real costs of corruption in public administration and an assessment of the loss of investment, the socio-economic costs of poverty and the consequences of violence and ethnic conflict, and economic collapse. It also attempts to provide frameworks for systematic analysis of institutional weaknesses that cause corruption.

Table of Contents

The TI Source Book 2000

Full text

Individual sections and chapters can be found below and be retrieved by clicking on the hyperlinks.

Cover and copyright i


Author’s Note  vii

Foreword by Oscar Arias Sanchez  ix

Preface by Peter Eigen  xv

Executive Summary xvii

PART I: The Analytical Framework

1.         The Challenge of Renovation 1

2.         The Anatomy of Corruption  13

3.         Developing Responses   21

4.         The National Integrity System  31

5.         Building Political Will  41

PART II: Institutional Pillars of the National Integrity System

6.         An Elected Legislature  47

7.         The Role of the Executive  59

8.         An Independent Judicial System  63

9.         The Auditor-General  75

10.     The Ombudsman  83

11.     Independent Anti-Corruption Agencies  95

12.     Public Service to Serve the Public   105

13.     Local Government  115

14.     An Independent and Free Media  119

15.     Civil Society  129

16.     The Private Corporate Sector   137

17.     International Actors and Mechanisms    153

PART III: Rules and Practices for the Institutional Pillars

18.     Free and Fair Elections   165

19.     Administrative Law – Judicial Review of Official Actions    169

20.     Public Service Ethics, Monitoring Assets and Integrity Testing   175

21.     Conflict of Interest, Nepotism and Cronyism   195

22.     Public Procurement: Where the Public and Private Sectors Do Business  205

23.     Good Financial Management    221

24.     The Right to Information – Information, Public Awareness and Public Records  235

25.     Giving Citizens a Voice   247

26.     Competition Policy and Containing Corruption   259

27.     Laws to Fight Corruption    269

28.     Surveys as Tools – Measuring Progress  287

PART IV: Lessons learned

29.     Lessons Learned – A Progress Report   295

PART V: Appendix

Emerging Best Practice in Containing Corruption  305

Selected Bibliography   337

Index by Subject  351

Index by Country  361