Infinite

Infinite: Life-value onto-axiology distinguishes between the regressive infinite (infinite divisions into infinitesimally smaller units) and the progressive infinite (infinite extension of human consciousness and material universe). Source: ‘What is Good? What is Bad? The Value of All Values across Time, Place and Theories’ by John McMurtry, Philosophy and World Problems, Volume I-III, UNESCO in partnership with Encyclopedia of… Read More

Informal Logic

Informal Logic: The logic concerned with natural language argumentation. According to the authors, informal logic is the branch of logic whose task is to develop non-rigid formal standards, criteria, procedures for the analysis, interpretation, evaluation, criticism and construction of argumentation in everyday discourse and in disciplined inquiry. Source: ‘What is Good? What is Bad? The Value of All Values across Time,… Read More

Informally fallacious argument

Informally fallacious argument: An argument with a false premise or methodological flaw. Circular arguments are informally defective but formally valid. Source: ‘What is Good? What is Bad? The Value of All Values across Time, Place and Theories’ by John McMurtry, Philosophy and World Problems, Volume I-III, UNESCO in partnership with Encyclopedia of Life Support Systems: Oxford, 2004-11. 

Infrastructure for health promotion

Infrastructure for health promotion: Those human and material resources, organizational and administrative structures, policies, regulations and incentives which facilitate an organized health promotion response to public health issues and challenges. Reference: new definition Such infrastructures may be found through a diverse range of organizational structures, including primary health care, government, private sector and nongovernmental organizations,… Read More

Instrumentalism

Instrumentalism: (Theoretical) The theory asserting that scientific laws and theories are rules of inference rather than truth claims or sets of truth claims. Source: ‘What is Good? What is Bad? The Value of All Values across Time, Place and Theories’ by John McMurtry, Philosophy and World Problems, Volume I-III, UNESCO in partnership with Encyclopedia of Life Support Systems: Oxford,… Read More

Intentionality

Intentionality: A central supposition of twentieth-century philosophy, most of all associated with Phenomenology, that consciousness or mind always has a referent or is about something. Source: ‘What is Good? What is Bad? The Value of All Values across Time, Place and Theories’ by John McMurtry, Philosophy and World Problems, Volume I-III, UNESCO in partnership with Encyclopedia of Life… Read More

Intermediate health outcomes

Intermediate health outcomes: Intermediate health outcomes are changes in the determinants of health, notably changes in lifestyles, and living conditions which are attributable to a planned intervention or interventions, including health promotion, disease prevention and primary health care. Reference: new definition See also determinants of health, health outcomes and intermediate health outcomes Source: Health Promotion Glossary… Read More

Internal and external goods

Internal and external goods: This is the basic distinction between what is a good in itself and what is good as an external possession. Source: ‘What is Good? What is Bad? The Value of All Values across Time, Place and Theories’ by John McMurtry, Philosophy and World Problems, Volume I-III, UNESCO in partnership with Encyclopedia of Life Support… Read More

Interpretation

Interpretation: Interpretations of sentence and argument forms are ordinary sentences and arguments patterned after the forms; interpretations of the term ‘probability’ are views about the meaning of probability claims. Source: ‘What is Good? What is Bad? The Value of All Values across Time, Place and Theories’ by John McMurtry, Philosophy and World Problems, Volume I-III, UNESCO in partnership with Encyclopedia… Read More

Intersectoral collaboration

Intersectoral collaboration: A recognized relationship between part or parts of different sectors of society which has been formed to take action on an issue to achieve health outcomes or intermediate health outcomes in a way which is more effective, efficient or sustainable than might be achieved by the health sector acting alone. Reference: modified from… Read More