Proceduralism: A generic pattern of leading philosophies of value which assume that universal values can only be implicit in or decided by procedures of argument (i.e., “contractarian” models of justice and norms of “the ideal speech situation”), and whose rational “procedures” distinguish the different schools (i.e., self-maximizing choice versus undistorted consent). Source: ‘What is Good? What is Bad? The Value of… Read More
Profit: The positive difference between input of value and output of value whose dominant type is private money-capital inputs and private money capital outputs to maximum gain, but in principle can include social profit from the positive difference between public investment and life-value gain of citizens. Source: ‘What is Good? What is Bad? The Value of All Values… Read More
Progress: belief in the steady improvement of civilisation through time. Source: ‘What is Good? What is Bad? The Value of All Values across Time, Place and Theories’ by John McMurtry, Philosophy and World Problems, Volume I-III, UNESCO in partnership with Encyclopedia of Life Support Systems: Oxford, 2004-11.
Proposition: A statement in language that is or can be verified as true or false. The meaning of declarative sentences or assertions, which must have a truth-value of truth or falsity. Source: ‘What is Good? What is Bad? The Value of All Values across Time, Place and Theories’ by John McMurtry, Philosophy and World Problems, Volume I-III, UNESCO… Read More
Public health: The science and art of promoting health, preventing disease, and prolonging life through the organized efforts of society. Reference: adapted from the “Acheson Report”, London, 1988 Public health is a social and political concept aimed at the improving health, prolonging life and improving the quality of life among whole populations through health promotion, disease… Read More